Anne Longfield, Children’s Commissioner for England, has published a report examining the impact of the Covid-19 crisis on children.
The report, ‘Childhood in the time of Covid’ calls for a comprehensive recovery package for children. And provides a roadmap for what should be done to help children to recover from their experiences of the last six months and the ongoing crisis.
While for some children there were certain aspects of the pandemic that brought benefits such as spending more time with their families, the report sets out how for many of the most vulnerable children the disruption of the last six months has been damaging and compounded existing inequalities.
Even before the crisis struck, there were 2.2m vulnerable children living in risky home situations in England, including nearly 800,000 children living with domestic abuse and 1.6m living with parents with severe mental health conditions.
The report warns these numbers are likely to have swelled, fuelled by families locked down in close quarters for weeks and months, and an emerging economic crisis adding pressures on family finances.
At the same time, the disruption to children’s education has been sizeable, with schools closed to millions of children for six months. The report predicts a widening of the attainment gap between children from disadvantaged or vulnerable backgrounds and their peers.
The Children’s Commissioner calls for a comprehensive recovery package for children to help mitigate the damage done by the crisis thus far, arguing that central to this package must be significant investment in early help for families starting from the early years.
The report says the nation’s efforts to ‘build back better’ must begin with a focus on children, sometimes sadly lacking during the pandemic. Should there be more lockdowns, the report calls on children’s needs to come first.
The report details how millions of children have faced a cocktail of secondary risks which means that many have suffered disproportionately as a result of the crisis.
Some of the most vulnerable children, including children in care, children in custody and children with special educational needs or disabilities have seen their rights actively downgraded at a time when protections should have been increased, not weakened.
The report also warns that faced with a winter of Covid-related restrictions across society, followed by a long economic tail including widespread unemployment of the type not seen by the 1980s, the country faces an inter-generational crisis.
With the impact of the economic fall-out on parents determining the future prospects of their children, destroying the government’s promises to ‘level-up’ opportunity.
Anne Longfield, the children’s commissioner for England, said: ‘Children have fewer health risks from Covid-19 and yet they have suffered disproportionately from the nation’s efforts to contain the virus.
‘While it has been good to see a greater understanding in parts of Whitehall and Westminster about what it means to be a vulnerable child, many of the decisions taken over the last six months have not put children first.
‘While pubs, restaurants and non-essential shops opened, the majority of children were not able to attend school.
‘Unless the government acts now, Covid-19 is in danger of becoming an inter-generational crisis, with the impact of the economic fall-out on parents determining the future prospects of their children.
‘This would decimate the government’s ability to level-up opportunity across the country in the way the Prime Minister has repeatedly promised to do.
‘The scale of the response to Covid-19 has shown us how our society can respond to huge challenges. After all the sacrifices children have made over the last few months, we should repay them with a comprehensive recovery package, ‘a Nightingale moment’, that puts their interests first.’
Stress during lockdown
New research published by the Children’s Commissioner alongside the report highlights some of the worries children had during lockdown.
The research, ‘Stress Among Children During the Coronavirus Lockdown’ reveals the greatest reported increase in stress during lockdown came in worries about school.
It found that 41% of children reported feeling more stressed about schoolwork and exams after schools closed to most in March. However, overall, it appears many children felt less stressed as the lockdown went on.
The report makes a number of recommendations, including a comprehensive recovery package for children to mitigate the damage caused by the crisis.
It calls on the government to ensure all families have the basic resources to provide care for their children by introducing a pre-emptive package of welfare and housing support for families who have built up rent arrears to counter a potential wave of family homelessness.
It also argues that the £20 uplift in Universal Credit and Working Tax Credit for families, due to expire in April 2021, should be retained, and an additional £10 per week child payment introduced. And calls for greater investment in local authority early help services, the Troubled Families programme and health visitors.
The report said schools should also target their portion of the £1bn catch up fund on vulnerable and disadvantaged children who have lost out the most. They should not be forced to spend it on PPE, supply teachers or adaptations to school buildings. Reducing educational disparities between disadvantaged children and their wealthier peers must be central to the government’s levelling up agenda.
It also calls for a greater focus on pastoral care in the coming weeks and months, supported by accelerated implementation of the government’s green paper on mental health, so that every child can access counselling in school.
The commissioner is also calling for next year’s summer exams to be pushed back as far as possible, while ensuring that children receive results in time to progress to college or university as normal in the autumn.
Responding to the call for a comprehensive recovery package, cllr Judith Blake, chair of the Local Government Association’s children and young people board, said:
‘It is vital that children’s needs are at the heart of future planning to ensure that they are safe, happy and have opportunities to thrive.
‘As the impact of the coronavirus pandemic becomes apparent, more children, young people and their families are likely to need support, including child protection plans or even coming into the care system. But for many, they will just need some extra help to get through a difficult period.
‘We are calling on the government to use the forthcoming Spending Review to properly resource councils to enable investment in local safety nets and the universal and early help services, including mental health and wellbeing services, that children, young people and their families will need to support them through the short and long-term impacts of the pandemic.
‘The government should also work with councils and schools to reduce the attainment gap, including immediate work to stabilise the early years sector and support children and young people to attend school or to continue learning from home where required.’
A government spokesperson said it has made an extra £4.3bn available to councils responding to additional pressures including child services.
‘Throughout the pandemic, we have taken action, including introducing the rule of six, to get the virus under control and to avoid the need to introduce any stricter measures.
‘Supporting children and their wellbeing has been central to our coronavirus response, including getting pupils back to school.
‘We have also invested significantly in charities working with vulnerable children and our £1 billion Covid catch up fund will help tackle the impact of lost time in education.’
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