Stronger warnings about the risk of dependence and addiction to be added to the patient information leaflet and discussed with patients.
Healthcare professionals have been asked by the MHRA to discuss these warnings with any patient taking or planning to take an opioid-containing medicine.
These discussions should also involve agreement of a treatment plan, including how long treatment should last, to minimize the risk of dependence.
A spokesman for MHRA said additional warnings are now to be added to the patient information leaflet to reinforce those warnings, making it clear that the medicine is an opioid, which can cause addiction, and that there can be withdrawal symptoms if people stop taking it suddenly.
More information and warnings are provided throughout the leaflet.
Health minister Lord Bethell, said: ‘Opioid addiction is a serious and life-threatening issue and people need to be aware of these risks before they take medicines with such a high rate of dependency.
‘It is vital that patients are given the right support and guidance on the dangers of long term use and the strengthening of these labels is a crucial step forwards in protecting patients and saving lives.’
The MHRA director of vigilance and risk management of medicines, Sarah Branch, said:
‘Patient safety is our highest priority and that is why we continually monitor the benefits and risks of opioid medicines.
‘Last year, we announced that opioid-containing medicine packaging must carry warnings. Now, we are strengthening those warnings to ensure that opioid medicines are supplied with consistent information on how to manage the risk of addiction.
‘This is a further step forward in helping to promote the safe use of these pain-relieving medicines.’
A spokesman for MHRA said opioids have a serious risk of dependence and addiction, especially with long-term use.
Following concerns raised about the prescribing rates of opioids in the UK, the Opioid Expert Working Group (EWG) of the Commission on Human Medicines (CHM) developed a set of recommendations to improve information for prescribers and patients and to protect public health.
While the CHM continues to consider opioids as important and effective medicines in the treatment of short-term pain relief, they have advised against their long-term use in the treatment of non-cancer pain, due to the risk of dependence and addiction.
For more information on the risks of opioid addiction click here.
Patients experiencing any suspected side effects from these medicines can report these via the Yellow Card scheme.
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