Unprecedented demand and funding shortages have combined to put council children’s social care budgets under increasing pressure, the Local Government Association (LGA) revealed.
The analysis found that councils were forced to overspend on children’s social care budgets by more than £3bn in the past five years.
A spokesman for the LGA said there are now more than 52,000 children subject to a child protection plan to keep them safe from harm, an increase of 53% since 2010. While the number of children in care (78,150) has increased by 28% in the past decade.
This sharp rise in need for urgent child protection services has coincided with reductions in central government funding for councils.
This has increasingly meant funding being diverted from the early intervention and preventative services which help families and young people before they reach crisis point, into services to protect those at immediate risk. For example, councils spent 25% less on children’s centres in 2017/18 compared with 2014/15.
LGA analysis revealed that councils have increased budgets for children’s social care by an average of more than £600 million a year over the past five years.
Despite these efforts, unprecedented demand and cost pressures mean they have still had to overspend on children’s social care budgets each year and by a total of £3.2 billion over the same five-year period.
More than eight in 10 councils were forced to spend above £800 million more than they planned to on children’s social care last year alone, despite increasing their budgets by more than half a billion pounds yet again.
The LGA said long-term, sustainable funding for children’s services will be needed in the forthcoming Spending Review for councils to provide the best possible support for vulnerable children and young people.
It is also calling on the government to use the forthcoming review of the children’s social care system to work with councils to understand what is driving demand for support and how councils can provide vital care for our most vulnerable but also invest in early help and prevention services.
Cllr Judith Blake, chair of the LGA’s Children and Young People Board, said: ‘These figures show the unprecedented demand pressures facing children’s services and the care system.
‘Councils want to make sure that children can get the best, rather than just get by, and that means investing in the right services to reach them at the right time.
‘Councils need to play a lead role in the government’s review of the care system alongside children, families and partners, to make sure it looks at what really matters and what can really make a difference.
‘A long-term sustainable funding solution would enable councils to protect children at immediate risk of harm while also supporting early help to prevent problems escalating in the first place.’
A government spokesman said local authorities will have access to £49.2bn in 2020-21 to help them deliver essential services for local communities, including an extra £1.5bn for social care.
‘We are giving local authorities access to an extra £1 billion grant for adult and child social care next year – on top of continuing the £410m in social care next year – so that every child in care receives the support they need.
‘We know the numbers of children in care are rising, which is why we are taking early action to keep families together when safe to do so, while working to boost the number of foster and adoptive parents.
‘We are also moving forward with an independent review to take a fundamental look across children’s social care.’
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