Internationally owned care companies are failing to pay their fair share of taxes and depriving the UK economy of millions of pounds, according to a new report.
The report, from the Centre for International Corporate Tax Accountability and Research (CICTAR) and Public Services International (PSI), identifies three internationally owned UK care home operators, which it says are diverting cash to offshore tax havens while claiming to make little or no profit in the UK.
The report, Darkness at Sunrise: UK Care Homes Shifting Profits Offshore, claims that Sunrise Senior Living, Gracewell Healthcare and Signature Senior Living, all part-owned by Canadian company Revera and US real estate company Welltower, one of the largest owners of UK care homes, appear to be using aggressive tax avoidance schemes.
It says that, between them, Sunrise, Gracewell and Signature, which all have headquarters in Buckinghamshire and together operate 60 care homes across the country, charged residents more than £225m in fees in 2019.
Despite this multi-million-pound income, the operators reported little or no profit in the UK, CICTAR says.
But analysis of reports given to shareholders of US company Welltower, which has a minority stake in the three companies, indicate that in 2019 it made a net operating income of £64m from its UK care homes. In stark contrast, the UK care operators reported combined losses of £9m for the same year, says CICTAR.
Report author Jason Ward said: ‘Because Welltower reports large profits to shareholders, we can see what is usually kept hidden. Complex corporate structures are designed to create artificial losses and avoid UK tax.
‘The UK government needs to get tougher with care companies dodging UK tax. An inquiry must be launched to shine a light on practices that siphon huge sums of money out of the care system while paying staff poverty wages and cutting costs to the bone.
‘The unrestrained pursuit of profit by international organisations who see the UK care sector as a soft touch demonstrates the urgent need for reform.’
Christina McAnea, general secretary of Unison, the UK’s largest union representing care staff said: ‘The scale of tax avoidance across the UK care home sector is deeply concerning. Urgent reform is needed to raise standards and ensure companies are accountable.
‘The entire care system has been underfunded and understaffed for too long. Unscrupulous employers have been allowed to exploit workers and put residents at risk, while taking the profits and shifting them offshore.’
Revera and Welltower have been contacted for comment. Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs has also been contacted for comment.
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